It is 2.5 years since I have been living in Luxembourg. 3 years ago I was afraid that after one year I would miss Moscow and its vibrant non-stop life. I was also afraid that it would be impossible to find something interesting and entertain myself in the tiny country. After 2.5 years I am still far away from boredom. I continue discovering castles and hidden places of this land and I have a long “to do” list.
Here is a post about a castle, one of the numerous castles of Luxembourg and its neighborhood. A place from my must-see list.
Vianden Castle was constructed between the 11th and 14th centuries on the foundations of a Roman ‘castellum’ and a Carolingian refuge. It is one of the largest and most beautiful feudal residences of the romanesque and gothic periods in Europe.
A classic view on the castle
Until the beginning of the 15th century it was the seat of the influential counts of Vianden who could boast their close connections to the Royal Family of France and the German imperial court. Henry I of Vianden (1220-1250) is known as ‘the Sun Count’ for his tenure that the holdings, lifestyle and influence of the House of Vianden reached its zenith. His ancestors were influential in the Ardennes, Eifel and Luxembourg regions for hundreds of years.
There are two ways to get to the castle: via cable car or to take a small narrow path
In 1417, the dominion passed by inheritance to the House of Nassau, which, in 1530 collected the principality of Orange as well. From then on, the castle was no longer the official residence of the counts. People can still see the rich architecture the House of Nassau inherited, as no further modifications were made.
The main construction parts of the castle which are preserved today, in particular the chapel and the small and large palaces, originate from the end of the 12th and the first half of the 13th century. The ‘Quartier de Juliers’ on the western side of the large palace (no longer existing today), originates from the beginning of the 14th century. The House of Nassau was only constructed at the beginning of the 17th century.
Vianden castle, reconstruction. 1980
In 1820, under the reign of King William I of Holland, the castle was sold piece by piece, and as a result, it fell into a state of ruin. It was a pile of rubble until the family of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg transferred it to State ownership in 1977. Since restored to its former glory, the castle now ranks as a monument of not only regional, but European importance.
Vianden is also remembered as the last place in Luxembourg to be freed from the Germans in World War II in February 1945 when the Americans completed Luxembourg’s liberation. A memorial to the west of the town, overlooking the castle, commemorates this final battle.
The view from the castle walls on the valley
Visitors have go though a narrow corridor in order to get in to the private rooms
There is an absolutely amazing draw-well in the middle of the room
A nice perspective
At the bottom of the draw-well
We are passing by a lovely open terrace…
… and find ourselves in a hidden courtyard of a castle
At the day when we visited the castle there was an exhibition of caricatures
Time to take a glass of good beer
Village views from a walking trail
The last glance on the castle surrounded by the blossomed trees and we go to discover the village
Musee des artistes
Victor Hugo, the famous French author, who stayed in Vianden on several occasions between 1862 and 1871, recording its beauty and setting in prose, poetry and sketches. Hugo did much to promote the attractions of Vianden to the outside. His sketches and letters can be seen in the museum located in the house where he stayed next to the bridge over the Our river.
There is also a museum of arts and crafts (Musée d’Art rustique) and a doll and toy museum (Musée de la Poupée et du Jouet).
There is a tourist train in the village which you may take for a quick tour around the spot
Everybody should be pleased
Another hidden courtyard
A bit of embankment
At the edge of the village
Twin towns of Vianden
All about the castle – Vianden castle
Contact information: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tél. : (+352)83 41 08-1
Open hours: every day from 10 a.m.
Admission costs: Adults: 6 € / Kids (6-12 y.o.): 2 € / Students (13-25 y.o.): 4,5 € / Seniors (+65 y.o.): 5 €
Adventure park Indian forest
Touristic train Benni:
Operates every day from April to October.
For tourist groups there is an option to take a night tour “Vianden by night”
Contacts: Tel: +352 621 267 141 or Tel: +352 83 42 57